Chinese in Australia 1945-1994: Changing Patterns of Migration, Racialisation and Opportunity
|Author(s):||Jock Collins & Carol Reid|
|Date of publication:||March 1995|
|Working paper number:||44|
This paper traces the experiences of Chinese in Australia from 1945 to 1994. Australia is one o£ the four major countries of migration in the world: Over 40°/o of the population today are first or second generation migrants. Chinese migration bas been restricted by the White Australia Policy, which was abandoned in 1972. Today, more migrants come from Asia - many ethnic Chinese - than from any other region. From unwanted aliens two decades ago, Asian migrants are now sought for their skills and capital. Moreover, Australia now aims to have greater economic, political and cultural links with China and other Asian countries. This paper looks at the changing patterns of Chinese migration and the changing nature of the processes of racialisation that have shaped Chinese settlement in Australia for more than 100 years. It also traces the changes in the socioeconomic profile of Australia's Chinese to establish the opportunities in areas, such as education, the labour market and small business, that Chinese people have in contemporary Australian life.
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